Question 1 A nurse is working in a women’s hospital where she is caring for a new mother who is experiencing postpartum urinary retention. Bethanechol (Urecholine) has been ordered. The nurse will observe for which of the following?
D) Decreased salivation
Question 2 A woman is receiving magnesium sulfate for intrapartum eclampsia. The patient is perspiring and her blood pressure is 88/50. The serum magnesium level is 10 mg/dL. The nurse will interpret these manifestations as
A) common adverse effects of magnesium sulfate
B) magnesium sulfate toxicity
C) a hypersensitivity reaction to magnesium sulfate
D) an idiosyncratic reaction from the magnesium sulfate
Question 3 A male patient is taking finasteride for BPH.Which of the following will the nurse evaluate at each clinic visit?
A) Serum cholesterol levels
B) Bone growth
C) Hemoglobin levels
D) Urinary elimination patterns
Question 4 A 71-year-old man has just been prescribed finasteride (Proscar). Which of the following complaints by this patient most likely indicated a need for this drug?
A) “My urine is extremely concentrated lately and it smells strong.”
B) “To be honest, I find that I can’t get an erection for the past few months.”
C) “My urine’s been cloudy for the last little while and it burns when I go to the bathroom.”
D) “Lately, I have to get up three or four times a night to go to the bathroom.”
Question 5 After 6 months of unsuccessfully trying to conceive, a 31-year-old woman and her husband have sought a referral to a fertility specialist in order to explore their options. A nurse at the clinic should recognize that the woman may benefit from
B) conjugated estrogen
Question 6 A 59-year-old man with a recent history of erectile dysfunction has been assessed and prescribed sildenafil (Viagra). When providing patient education to this man, the nurse should tell him which of the following?
A) “You might find that your face becomes flushed or you get a headache after you take Viagra.”
B) “You should take your Viagra at the same time each morning, ideally on an empty stomach.”
C) “Make sure that you don’t take any other prescription medications while you’re using Viagra.”
D) “If you get some heart palpitations or dizziness after you take Viagra, know that this is normal and will pass with time.”
Question 7 A 66-year-old man has made an appointment with his primary care provider to discuss his recent erectile dysfunction (ED) and has requested a prescription for tadalafil (Cialis) based on television commercials he has seen. What characteristic of this patient would most likely contraindicate the use of tadalafil for his ED?
A) The patient takes allopurinol for the treatment of gout
B) The patient has a family history of osteoporosis and has undergone bone density testing
C) The patient has unstable angina and uses a nitroglycerin patch
D) The patient often takes ginseng when he gets a common cold
Question 8 A pregnant patient who has diabetes has been admitted to the hospital to begin labor.Since the patient has diabetes, the physician has decided to use oxytocin (Pitocin) to initiate labor contractions. When talking to the patient about the adverse effects of the drug, the nurse should understand that the most common adverse effects of the drug include
A) metabolic alkalosis
B) uterine tachysystole
C) electrolyte imbalances
D) water intoxication
Question 9 A 73-year-old woman has osteoporosis and is prescribed alendronate. She takes calcium and vitamin D supplements, drinks lots of water, and has just quit smoking. The nurse should advise the patient to also
A) include adequate amounts of vitamin C in the diet
B) drink at least 6 to 8 oz of milk daily
C) stop using artificial sweeteners while taking alendronate
D) perform light-weight exercises and go for walks
Question 10 A 29-year-old pregnant patient is extremely upset about having to take medication for a pre-existing medical condition. She is consumed with fear that her baby will be born with a physical deformity or a congenital anomaly but knows that she has to take the medication. She talks constantly about this and is unable to sleep most nights. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing diagnosis for this patient is?
A) Injury, Risk to the fetus related to adverse effects of maternal drug therapy
B) Injury, Risk to the patient related to failure to receive needed drug therapy
C) Anxiety related to perceived danger of drug therapy to fetus or infant
D) Noncompliance with Drug Therapy
Question 11 The nurse practitioner has recommended that a breast-feeding woman take her prescribed medications just before her infant takes his longest nap of the day. The woman does not understand and asks the nurse to explain. The nurse will tell the woman that the recommendation was made to
A) increase the blood concentrations of the drug in the breast-feeding infant
B) reduce neonatal drug exposure
C) reduce the half-life of the drug
D) evaluate the drug’s potential adverse effects on the neonate
Question 12 A nurse is instructing a 19-year-old female patient on the use of fluconazole for candida vaginitis. A teaching priority will be to
A) take an antiemetic or antidiarrheal for adverse GI effects
B) use an alternative form of birth control, if taking an oral contraceptive
C) use an aspirin for relief of minor discomforts
D) take the drug with food
Question 13 A pregnant patient asks the nurse what over-the-counter medication she can take for recurring headaches. The nurse should recommend
Question 14 A 38-year-old pregnant patient admits to the nurse that she is an alcoholic and has been consuming alcohol during her pregnancy. The nurse knows that using alcohol during pregnancy may result in a child who presents with
A) a high-pitched cry
C) an electrolyte imbalance
Question 15 A 68-year-old man is being treated for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) and began treatment with finasteride (Proscar) 3 months ago. When planning the care of this patient, what desired outcome should the nurse prioritize?
A) The patient will remain free of sexual side effects related to drug therapy
B) The patient will experience complete bladder emptying
C) The patient will remain free of urethral pain
D) The patient will not experience hematuria
Question 16 A male patient with a medical background tells the nurse that he is not satisfied with the oral synthetic testosterone that has been prescribed for him and he would like to try a natural form of oral testosterone. Which of the following would be an appropriate response by the nurse?
A) “Natural testosterone undergoes a high first-pass effect and is not used orally.”
B) “Natural testosterone poses a higher risk of gynecomastia.”
C) “Natural testosterone undergoes a short first-past effect and is less extensively metabolized than what has been prescribed for you.”
D) “Natural testosterone would be more effective for you.”
Question 17 A nurse is caring for a patient who is at 28 weeks’ gestation and is receiving terbutaline (Brethine) to control preterm labor. Which of the following assessment parameters should the nurse prioritize?
A) Maternal body temperature
B) Fetal heart rate (FHR)
C) Correct fetal position
D) Fetal blood pressure
Question 18 A nurse is working with a patient in the clinic who has erectile dysfunction. The patient has been prescribed sildenafil (Viagra). The patient wants to do everything he can to promote effectiveness of the drug. The nurse will instruct him to
A) avoid taking the drug with a high-protein meal
B) avoid taking the drug with a high-fat meal
C) drink plenty of fluids
D) take a double dose of the drug
Question 19 A patient is being discharged from the hospital and will be taking oxybutynin (Ditropan) for overactive bladder. The nurse will instruct the patient that she will be taking a medication
A) that will be provided in pill form and which may cause lightheadedness
B) that will be administered as a weekly IM injection in an outpatient setting
C) that may be prescribed as a patch and which may cause dry mouth
D) that can be inhaled and that may cause occasional heart palpitations
Question 20 A nurse is discussing with a 58-year-old male patient the causes of erectile dysfunction in men over 50 years of age. Which of the following will the nurse inform the patient is the primary physical cause of erectile dysfunction of men in this age group?
A) Emotional stress
B) Atherosclerosis of the penile artery
C) Diabetes mellitus
D) Decrease in testosterone levels
Question 21 A nurse is working with a 16-year-old pregnant teen and assessing for behavior that may put the baby at risk. The most important assessment the nurse can make is
A) whether the pregnant woman uses illegal substances
B) whether the pregnant woman has health insurance
C) the pregnant woman’s exercise habits
D) the pregnant woman’s dietary habits
Question 22 A man has a demonstrated history of androgen deficiency and the consequences of this health problem include an inability to maintain an erection. Which of the following medications would best address this patient’s erectile dysfunction (ED)?
A) Sildenafil (Viagra)
B) Tamsulosin (Flomax)
C) Exogenous testosterone
D) Tadalafil (Cialis)
Question 23 Which of the following would the nurse include in a teaching plan about the signs and symptoms of thrombophlebitis and thromboembolism that should be reported by a patient taking estrogen?
A) Cholestatic jaundice
C) Headaches and chest pain
D) Breast tenderness
Question 24 A 36-year-old patient comes to the clinic and tells the nurse that she suspects that she is pregnant. During the initial assessment, the nurse learns that the patient is currently taking medications for diabetes, hypertension, and a seizure disorder. The nurse would be most concerned about which of the following medications?
B) Ibuprofen (Advil)
C) Phenytoin (Dilantin)
D) Furosemide (Lasix)
Question 25 A woman is receiving prolonged drug therapy during her complicated pregnancy, and it may pose a risk to both the mother and the fetus. The primary care physician has made dosage adjustments to minimize adverse effects and prevent toxicity. The nurse should make sure
A) that serum levels of the drug are being monitored
B) that the FDA is informed that the woman is receiving drug therapy
C) to check the drug’s FDA pregnancy category to determine safety
D) that only nonpharmacologic alternatives are being used
Question 26 A 56-year-old woman will soon begin treatment of her overactive bladder with tolterodine (Detrol). What patient teaching should the nurse provide to this woman?
A) “It’s good to measure your heart rate before you take your Detrol each day, and withhold it if your heart rate is below 60 beats/minute.”
B) “You’ll probably need to stop taking your hormone replacement therapy when you’re taking Detrol.”
C) “You’ll likely find that you have scant amounts of blood in your urine for the first few days, but this is not unusual or problematic.”
D) “You might find that you get a dry mouth or a headache from this drug, but this does not mean it has to be discontinued.”
Question 27 The nurse has established peripheral IV access and begun an infusion of magnesium sulfate on a 29-year-old antepartum patient who is 35 weeks pregnant. Which of the following assessment findings most likely prompted the patient’s physician to order magnesium sulfate for this patient?
A) Decreased level of consciousness with a sudden onset
B) The presence of rales and rhonchi and oxygen saturation less than or equal to 80% on room air
C) Maternal bradycardia accompanied by a prolonged QT interval
D) Systolic blood pressure readings in excess of 190 mmHg
Question 28 The nurse recognizes that the potential for teratogenic drug effects is not static throughout the prenatal and postnatal periods. The potential for teratogenic effects is highest during
A) breast-feeding of the neonate
B) the first 2 months of pregnancy.
C) the two to 3 weeks prior to delivery
D) the second trimester
Question 29 Alendronate (Fosamax) is prescribed for a 67-year-old postmenopausal woman. In order to help prevent gastrointestinal distress, the nurse will advise the patient to
A) stand or sit upright for at least 30 minutes after taking alendronate..
B) avoid drinking water with the drug
C) lift weights in the gym at least five times a week
D) take calcium and vitamin D supplements
Question 30 A female patient is taking oral cyclophosphamide therapy for breast cancer. Because of possible adverse effects of the drug, the nurse will instruct the patient to do which of the following?
A) Drink a lot of water
B) Limit fluid intake
C) Take the medication at bedtime
D) Increase the protein in her diet
Question 31 A patient is taking flavoxate hydrochloride (Urispas) to help control an overactive bladder. On a follow-up visit to the clinic, the nurse will question the patient about which of the following?
A) Chronic diarrhea
B) Dental hygiene practices
Question 32 Alprostadil (Caverject), a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction, has been prescribed to a 42-year-old patient. When providing education to the patient and his wife, the nurse should inform the wife about which of the following adverse effects?
A) Low blood pressure
B) Vaginal burning
C) Increased heart rate
D) Reduced desire for sexual activity
Question 33 A male patient is trying to decide if he should use finasteride (Proscar) to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). When providing information about the drug, the nurse will include which of the following as a risk associated with finasteride therapy?
A) Excess fluid volume related to potential effects of drug therapy
B) Hypercalcemia related to drug therapy, immobility, and breast cancer
C) Sexual dysfunction related to erectile dysfunction
D) Prostatic neoplasia
Question 34 A 20-year-old woman has been prescribed estrogen. As with all women taking estrogen, the nurse will carefully monitor the patient for which of the following?
A) Lack of secondary sexual characteristics
B) Cardiovascular complications
C) Early epiphyseal closure
D) Decreased libido
Question 35 A nurse is providing patient education to a 50-year-old woman who is taking methotrexate (MTX) for breast cancer. The nurse will instruct the patient to avoid which of the following drugs?
Question 36 A patient is taking etoposide for a testicular tumor refractory to treatment. The nursing assessment reveals that he is also taking warfarin. The nurse must carefully monitor for which of the following?
A) Decreased heart rate
B) Increased serum drug levels of etoposide
C) Elevated prothrombin time
D) Lower liver enzymes
Question 37 A nurse is caring for a 46-year-old female patient who is taking paclitaxel for ovarian cancer. Two or three days after the infusion of the drug, the nurse must closely monitor for which of the following?
Question 38 A nurse is performing patient education for a woman who has just been prescribed a bisphosphonate. Which of the following diagnostic and history findings would have prompted the woman’s care provider to prescribe a bisphosphonate?
A) Height in the lowest quartile of the population and a history of joint pain
B) Low bone density and a family history of osteoporosis
C) Complaints of cold intolerance, recurrent constipation, and evidence of diverticular disease
D) Labile moods and short-term memory deficits
Question 39 A nurse is explaining to a pregnant 21-year-old college student why she cannot continue to take ibuprofen (Advil) for her headaches. The nurse draws a picture depicting drug molecules crossing the placental membrane and entering into the fetal circulation. The nurse tells the patient that the main reason this happens is because
A) there is a 40% increase in blood volume during pregnancy
B) the mother’s heart rate is 10 to 15 beats per minute faster during pregnancy
C) drugs compete with the hormones of pregnancy for albumin-binding sites
D) hemodilution of plasma albumin occurs
Question 40 A 36-year-old woman with a history of dysmenorrhea has begun treatment with progesterone, which she will be receiving by the intramuscular route. The nurse participating in the woman’s care should prioritize which of the following potential nursing diagnoses?
A) Incontinence, Functional, related to neurosensory and musculoskeletal changes
B) Fluid Volume Deficit related to metabolic changes secondary to drug therapy
C) Confusion, Chronic, related to CNS changes resulting from adverse drug effects
D) Risk for Injury related to loss of vision or thrombotic events